Python API

Excel.Application

class RPA.Excel.Application.Application

Bases: object

Excel.Application is a library for controlling an Excel application.

Examples

Robot Framework

*** Settings ***
Library             RPA.Excel.Application
Task Setup          Open Application
Task Teardown       Quit Application

*** Tasks ***
Manipulate Excel application
    Open Workbook           workbook.xlsx
    Set Active Worksheet    sheetname=new stuff
    Write To Cells          row=1
    ...                     column=1
    ...                     value=my data
    Save Excel

Run Excel Macro
    Open Workbook   orders_with_macro.xlsm
    Run Macro       Sheet1.CommandButton1_Click

Python

from RPA.Excel.Application import Application

app = Application()

app.open_application()
app.open_workbook('workbook.xlsx')
app.set_active_worksheet(sheetname='new stuff')
app.write_to_cells(row=1, column=1, value='new data')
app.save_excel()
app.quit_application()
ROBOT_LIBRARY_DOC_FORMAT = 'REST'
ROBOT_LIBRARY_SCOPE = 'GLOBAL'
add_new_sheet(sheetname: str, tabname: str = None, create_workbook: bool = True) → None

Add new worksheet to workbook. Workbook is created by default if it does not exist.

Parameters
  • sheetname – name for sheet

  • tabname – name for tab (deprecated)

  • create_workbook – create workbook if True, defaults to True

Raises

ValueError – error is raised if workbook does not exist and create_workbook is False

add_new_workbook() → None

Adds new workbook for Excel application

close_document(save_changes: bool = False) → None

Close the active document (if open).

find_first_available_cell(worksheet: Any = None, row: int = 1, column: int = 1) → Any

Find first available free cell

Parameters
  • worksheet – worksheet to handle, defaults to active worksheet if None

  • row – starting row for search, defaults to 1

  • column – starting column for search, defaults to 1

Returns

tuple (row, column) or (None, None) if not found

find_first_available_row(worksheet: Any = None, row: int = 1, column: int = 1) → Any

Find first available free row

Parameters
  • worksheet – worksheet to handle, defaults to active worksheet if None

  • row – starting row for search, defaults to 1

  • column – starting column for search, defaults to 1

Returns

row or None

open_application(visible: bool = False, display_alerts: bool = False) → None

Open the Excel application.

Parameters
  • visible – show window after opening

  • display_alerts – show alert popups

open_workbook(filename: str) → None

Open Excel by filename

By default sets active worksheet to sheet number 1

Parameters

filename – path to filename

quit_application(save_changes: bool = False) → None

Quit the application.

read_from_cells(worksheet: Any = None, row: int = None, column: int = None) → str

Read value from cell.

Parameters
  • worksheet – worksheet to handle, defaults to active worksheet if None

  • row – target row, defaults to None

  • column – target row, defaults to None

Raises

ValueError – if cell is not given

run_macro(macro_name: str, *args: Any)

Run Excel macro with given name

Parameters
  • macro_name – macro to run

  • *args

    arguments to pass to macro

save_excel() → None

Saves Excel file

save_excel_as(filename: str, autofit: bool = False) → None

Save Excel with name if workbook is open

Parameters
  • filename – where to save file

  • autofit – autofit cell widths if True, defaults to False

set_active_worksheet(sheetname: str = None, sheetnumber: int = None) → None

Set active worksheet by either its sheet number or name

Parameters
  • sheetname – name of Excel sheet, defaults to None

  • sheetnumber – index of Excel sheet, defaults to None

write_to_cells(worksheet: Any = None, row: int = None, column: int = None, value: str = None, number_format: str = None, formula: str = None) → None

Write value, number_format and/or formula into cell.

Parameters
  • worksheet – worksheet to handle, defaults to active worksheet if None

  • row – target row, defaults to None

  • column – target row, defaults to None

  • value – possible value to set, defaults to None

  • number_format – possible number format to set, defaults to None

  • formula – possible format to set, defaults to None

Raises

ValueError – if cell is not given

RPA.Excel.Application.catch_com_error()

Try to convert COM errors to human readable format.